Tuesday, September 6, 2011

Robert the Bruce reviewing His Troops Before the Battle of Bannockburn

THE EXPEDITION AGAINST THE SCOTS A.D. 1314 CASSELL'S ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF ENGLAND.

VOL. I THE KING'S EDITION CASSELL AND COMPANY, LIMITED LONDON, NEW YORK, TORONTO AND MELBOURNE, MCMIX

Robert Bruce, who had been lying before Stirling awaiting the result of Sir Philip Mowbray's mission to London, now saw that the fate of the kingdom must be decided on or near that spot. His army was much inferior to the English one in numbers, amounting to between 30,000 and 40,000 men. But then they were tried troops, fighting for the very existence of their country, and under such leaders as Robert Bruce, Randolph, and Douglas men whom they had followed into exploits almost miraculous.

The English army was far better armed and provided, except in one particular, and that the most essential of all a commander. Instead of being led by a man of courage, experience, and sagacity, they had a timid, effeminate puppet; and when so much depended on the commander-in-chief even more than at the present day that single circumstance was fatal.

Bruce made preparations for the decisive struggle with his usual ability. He had collected his forces in the forest called Torwood ; but as he knew the superiority of the English, not merely in numbers, but in their heavy-armed cavalry (far better mounted and equipped than his own) and in their archers (the very best in the world), he determined to provide against these advantages. He therefore led his army into a plain on the south side of Stirling, called the New Park, close beneath which the English army would be obliged to pass through a swampy country broken up with water courses, while the Scots stood on firm, dry ground.

Robert the Bruce reviewing His Troops Before the Battle of Bannockburn

Robert the Bruce reviewing His Troops Before the Battle of Bannockburn

Edmund Blair Leighton (1853–1922) signs his woodcuts as EBL Description: British painter. Date of birth / death: September 21, 1853 September 1, 1922. Location of birth / death: London, England. Bedford Park, London, England.

This IMAGE (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, where Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" PDF from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published before 1923 (in this case c 1909) are now in the public domain.

This image is also in the public domain in countries that figure copyright from the date of death of the artist (post mortem auctoris) in this case Edmund Blair Leighton (1853–1922) and that most commonly runs for a period of 50 to 70 years from the last day of that year.

Edmund Blair Leighton [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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