Sunday, January 1, 2012

Basil of Caesarea Saint Basil the Great

Christian Feast Day: January 2 Basil the Great (Roman Catholic and Anglican Church) Basil of Caesarea Saint Basil the Great.

St. Basil The Great was born about the year 329, of a Christian family, whose high religious character and sacrifices for the cause of truth had been for generations widely known in Asia Minor. It seems probable that the place of his birth was Cssarea, in Cappadocia, the town of which he afterwards became bishop; but his father's connections were more with Pontus than with Cappadocia, and some authorities place Basil's birth in the former province. He himself calls each of these countries in turn his native land.

Basil the elder—for father and son were named alike—was a teacher of rhetoric, and an advocate in large practice. He was a Christian of the best and most earnest type, and when Gregory of Nazianzus addressed his panegyric of the younger Basil to a large audience he was able to assume that the reputation of the father would be known to them all. But the future saint owed his earliest religious education to his grandmother Macrina, who brought him up with his brothers, and formed them upon the doctrine of the great Origenist and saint of Pontus, Gregory Thaumaturgus.

Macrina had not only been taught by the best Christian instructors, but had herself with her husband suffered for the faith. In the persecutions of Maximin she and her family were driven from their home and forced with a few companions to take refuge in a forest among the mountains of Pontus, where they spent nearly seven years, and were wont to attribute to the special interposition of God the supplies of food by which they were maintained at a distance from all civilization.

Basil of Caesarea Saint Basil the Great

This Image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, where Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" PDF from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published before 1923 are now in the public domain.

This file is also in the public domain in countries that figure copyright from the date of death of the artist (post mortem auctoris in this case AndrĂ© Thevet (1502–1590) and that most commonly runs for a period of 50 to 70 years from December 31 of that year.

André Thevet [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

IMAGE CREDIT: Les vrais pourtraits et vies des hommes illustres grecz, latins et payens (1584)

TEXT CREDIT: St. Basil the Great Fathers for English readers, Authors: Richard Travers Smith, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (Great Britain). Tract Committee. Publisher: Society for Promoting, Christian Knowledge, 1879. Original from: Harvard University. Digitized: Sep 17, 2007. Length: 232 pages. Subjects: Biography & Autobiography › Religious, Biography & Autobiography / Religious

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